Pre-20th Century Conflict

From the Battle of Agincourt to Spion Kop, pre-20th century British military history is littered with conflicts that continue to enthrall. Explore them here with news, reviews, features, events, resources, websites and much more drawn from UK museums, galleries, archives and heritage sites.

a photo of a spitfire and V-1 rocket suspended in a gallery atrium

Imperial War Museum reopens with ground-breaking interactive First World War gallery

Imperial War Museum's new First World War gallery, which has reopened following a £40 million overhaul, is a major step forward in museum exhibitions, writes Richard Moss.

A group of historical re-enactors

Largest Napoleonic re-enactment ever staged planned for bicentenary of Battle of Waterloo

Events including a show, exhibitions and two major historical re-enactments will take place on and around the historical battlefield of Waterloo in June 2015.

equestrian statue of Robert the Bruce, Bannockburn

Robert the Bruce in Battle: A battlefield trail from Methven to Bannockburn

What really happened at Bannockburn? How important was the battle, who were the main players, and what were the stakes? Come on a journey through Scotland and the north of England to revisit the complex events of the First War of Independence on the 700th anniversary of the great battle.

a section of tapestry showing knights with chain mail

Archaeologists to return to Battle of Hastings site for major dig to preserve remaining artefacts

The Battlefield archaeologist who discovered the site of the Battle of Bosworth is planning a major dig at Battle Abbey in spring 2015 to preserve the archaeology of the Battle of Hastings from......

a close up of a cannon

Loaded cannons from HMS Victory 1737 restored at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard

A pair of cannons from HMS Victory 1737, fully loaded with hemp rope wadding, iron cannon balls and a mass of damp gunpowder, have been restored and returned to Portsmouth.

An aerial view of a mound in the landscape

Archaeology laser project in Newark aims to uncover more about the "Stalingrad of the English Civil War"

The remains of the bloody siege of Newark during the English Civil War are about to be explored in depth by an innovative laser archaeology project.

A picture of vikings carrying their boat, drawn in 1555

Eight museums not to miss if you are into Vikings

The Vikings’ stay in Great Britain was comparatively short – but lasting. Even a 1000 years after they left the island, they keep fascinating adults as well as children. These museums are the......

A photo of a plan for the outside of a large modern museum

National Army Museum closes its doors to begin 21st century transformation

The National Army Museum closes its doors and begins the process of transformation into a modern museum with 21st century facilities.

A photo of an ancient brown helmet on a pole

Sutton Hoo and Europe galleries exert magnetic pull in British Museum display

From the capture of Jerusalem by the Emperor Titus to a decorated Roman bread stamp, we take a look at the British Museum gallery dedicated to AD 300-1100.

a side view of a decorated helmet with visor

Royal Armouries welcomes ruling to block sale of rare Wootton St Lawrence helmet

The Royal Armouries has welcomed an appeal judgement that prevents a rare armet dating to 1500 being sold at auction by a church in Hampshire.

A photo of a man in an archaeological trench

Local diggers at Scottish abbey discover coins looted from soldiers at Battle of Bannockburn

More than 1,000 objects have been found in 17 acres of land around Cambuskenneth Abbey – one of the few places singled out in tales of the Battle of Bannockburn.

A photo of people taking a look at an animation of a horse on a battlefield

Public to join Robert the Bruce and Edward II armies at Battle of Bannockburn Centre

Flanked by huge screens, a virtual battlefield will be part of the Battle of Bannockburn Visitor Centre when it opens in Stirling next month.

a painting of the Battle of Waterloo depicting a panorama of the battle with French Cavalry attacking the British line formed up in a square.

Major new website to be launched for Battle of Waterloo bicentenary in 2015

A new website is to be developed for the 2015 bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo, partnered by the National Army Museum and Culture24.

A photo of a drum with paintings on it from the 19th century

Waterloo 200: Six key artefacts from the Battle of Waterloo

Backed by the Heritage Lottery Fund, the National Army Museum and Culture24 will launch a digital collection for next year's bicentenary of Waterloo. Here are six artefacts that might make the final......

A photo of a gold ring from 17th century Britain with inscriptions visible upon its curve

National Civil War Centre ring to reveal Royalist and Parliamentary Civil War divisions

A mid-17th century gold ring, possibly given as a gift between family members on opposing sides of the Civil War, will go on show at the new £5.4 million centre.

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