Pre-20th Century Conflict

From the Battle of Agincourt to Spion Kop, pre-20th century British military history is littered with conflicts that continue to enthrall. Explore them here with news, reviews, features, events, resources, websites and much more drawn from UK museums, galleries, archives and heritage sites.

a painting showing horses and carriages with men dressed in funeral black

The NPG prepares to show its biggest portrait: The Duke of Wellington's Funeral Procession

The National Portrait Gallery is to display for the first time the largest portrait in its Collection, a print showing the entire funeral procession of the Duke of Wellington, for Waterloo200.

A photo of a circular Roman seal

Metal detectorist's "outstanding" 17th century silver seal discovery bought by National Civil War Centre

The silver seal of an important Civil War soldier, described as the best ever discovery of a late metal detectorist who found it in a field in 2004, will go on public display at Newark's new museum.

A photo of a mask of a man set against darkness

The story behind the 19th century Death Mask of Napoleon

Find about the death mask which has gone on show at the British Museum as part of Bonaparte and the British: Prints and Propaganda in the Age of Napoleon.

a photo of two hands examining a skull

Newly released film footage shows "eureka moment" when killer blow to King Richard III was found

New film footage, revealing details of the potential killer blow that claimed the life of King Richard III for the first time, has been released by the University of Leicester.

Rochester Castle

Kings, Castles and Magna Carta: The Castles of the First Barons' War

Why did King John sign the Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215 and what was the Barons' War? Follow this trail of medieval castles to explore a world of medieval sieges, power struggles and the fight......

A photo of an ancient cannonball

England's oldest surviving cannonball resurfaces near site of Battle of Northampton

Lost several years ago, the key piece of evidence that the 1460 Battle of Northampton was the first in England to use artillery has reappeared - potentially to become part of a new visitor centre.

A photo of two people looking at an old military rug under the guard of two soldiers

British Army veterans to join archaeologists in mission to solve mysteries of Battle of Waterloo

Archaeologists, recovering military personnel and the guardians of the Belgian battlefields will search for graves and new details in the Waterloo Uncovered project.

a photo of a pair of high leather boots

Waterloo200 website launches with 100 objects and search for Waterloo ancestors

From battered bits of bone and armour to Napoleon's sword and Wellington's boots, the website commemorating the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo launches with 100 iconic objects.

A photo of a small circular golden naval badge

Lord Nelson's badge, figureheads and models: Eight highlights from HMS Victory: The Untold Story

See a few of the key exhibits to look out for when the exhibition, HMS Victory: The Untold Story, opens at Historic Dockyard Chatham in February.

a photo of a small locket with a piece of lead shot in it

Bullet that killed Lord Nelson at the Battle of Trafalagar to go on display at Chatham

Chatham Historic Dockyard is marking the 250th anniversary of the launch of the world’s most famous warship, HMS Victory, by putting treasures on show including the fateful bullet that killed......

An image of an ancient letter written in black ink on yellow paper

Napoleon's letter of surrender from Waterloo to go on public view at Windsor Castle

As one of a series of royal correspondences going on show later this month, the defeated Napoleon Bonaparte pleaded for the “hospitality of the British people” after his defeat.

A photo of a man in a purple suit and cap pointing a rifle towards the camera in a forest

National Civil War Centre promises spectacular re-enactments as opening weekend nears

Visitors have been able to see inside the Grade II-listed home of the £5.4 million National Civil War Centre, as organisers promise a "truly grand" opening weekend in May.

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