The Roman Empire in 2nd century Scotland had a long supply chain comparable to modern armies, according to archaeologists at a former fort near DumfriesClick on the picture to launch a gallery from the site
A set of tiny trenches, measuring only 30 to 40 centimetres wide on a dig described by Guard Archaeology as “no easy task”, also revealed a striking iron javelin head, corroded and broken during military action.
Tiles from a heating system and pottery from the site made up “all the ingredients” of the Roman occupation more than 1,850 years ago, according to the investigation funded by Scottish Water and Scottish Power Energy.
Carzield is believed to have been built during the Roman campaign of AD 139-143, when the Antonine Wall made the region one of the most northern reaches of an Empire with a long supply chain of logistical support.
Sherds of buried samian pottery, suggesting that garrison officers owned fine tableware, originated from Roman Gaul, while the tile fragments were made in southern provinces for a hypocaust heating system which could have warmed a bath house or provided central heating for the Commander’s lodgings at the centre of the fort.
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